Croup is a cough caused by a variety of different viruses and most often affects toddlers and young children, usually in the winter months. As demonstrated in the first part of this video, the cough sounds like a seal barking, and is due to swelling of the upper respiratory tree. Often stridor (a squeaking type sound when breathing in) accompanies croup. The cough is usually much more common at night. Treatment for mild cases includes taking the child outside to breath cool air, using a cool mist vaporizer in the child’s bedroom and/or giving the child cool liquids to drink. Severe cases, where the child has significant trouble breathing, requires immediate medical care, which usually includes cool mist epinepherine, oxygen and anti-inflammatory steroids…..Richard R Samuel, MD Family Practice and Urgent Care Hayden, ID USA

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